Henry I, Duke of Brabant
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Henry I of Brabant (French: Henri I de Brabant, Dutch: Hendrik I van Brabant) was (probably) born in 1165 in Leuven and died in the German city of Cologne on September 5, 1235. He became Duke of Brabant in 1183/1184 and succeeded his father as Duke of Lower Lotharingia in 1190. He was the son of Godfrey III of Leuven, Duke of Lower Lotharingia and landgrave of Brabant, and Margaret of Limburg.
He married Maud of Boulogne and Alsace (also called Maud of Flanders) in 1179. He had six children by his first marriage:
Marie (c. 1190 – May 1260), married in Maastricht after May 19, 1214 Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor, married July 1220 William I, Count of Holland
Adelaide (b. c. 1190), married 1206 Arnulf, Count of Loos, married February 3, 1225 William X of Auvergne (c. 1195–1247), married before April 21, 1251 Arnold van Wesemaele (d. aft. 1288)
Margaret (1192–1231), married January 1206 Gerhard III, Count of Guelders (d. October 22, 1229)
Mathilde (c. 1200 – December 22, 1267), married in Aachen in 1212 Henry II, Count Palatine of the Rhine (d. 1214), married on December 6, 1244 Floris IV, Count of Holland
Henry II of Brabant (1207–1248)
Godfrey (1209 – January 21, 1254), Lord of Gaesbeek, married Marie van Oudenaarde
His second marriage was at April 22, 1213 in Soissons to Marie, princess of France, daughter of King Philip II of France. They had two children:
Elizabeth (d. October 23, 1272), married in Leuven March 19, 1233 Count Dietrich of Cleves, Lord of Dinslaken (c. 1214–1244), married 1246 Gerhard II, Count of Wassenberg (d. 1255)
Marie, died young
Under Henry I, there was a town policy and town planning. Henry's attention went out to those regions that lent themselves to the extension of his sovereignty and in some locations he used the creation of a new town as an instrument in the political organisation of the area. Among the towns to which the Duke gave city rights and trade privileges was 's-Hertogenbosch.
He was buried in St. Pieters chapter church at Leuven.
See also: Dukes of Brabant family tree
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